Ore

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Ores

An ore is a type of rock that contains minerals with important elements including metals. The ores are extracted through mining; these are then refined to extract the valuable element(s).

The grade or concentration of an ore mineral, or metal, as well as its form of occurrence, will directly affect the costs associated with mining the ore. The cost of extraction must thus be weighed against the metal value contained in the rock to determine what ore can be processed and what ore is of too low a grade to be worth mining. Metal ores are generally oxides, sulfides, silicates, or “native” metals (such as native copper) that are not commonly concentrated in the planet’s crust or “noble” metals (not usually forming compounds) such as gold. The ores must be processed to extract the metals of interest from the waste rock and from the ore minerals. Ore bodies are formed by a variety of geological processes. The process of ore formation is called ore genesis.

Non Ferrous Metal Ores (Natural Occurrence)

Covellite Marcasite Realgar Barite Chromite Cuprite Molybdenite Scheelite Bauxite Cinnabar Digenite Orpiment Sphalerite Bornite Coal Fluorite Pentlandite Stibnite Calcite Cobaltite Galena Porphyry Tenorite Cassiterite Coltan Graphite Pyrite Thorianite Chalcocite Cotunnite Ilmenite Pyrolusite Wolframite
Antimony Gallium Manganese Rhodium Thallium
Gold Mercury (Ore) Rubidium Tin
Bismuth Hafnium Molybdenum Ruthenium Tungsten
Cadmium Indium Nickel Samarium
Cesium Iridium Niobium Silver Yttrium
Chromium Iron Osmium Strontium Zinc
Cobalt Lanthanium Palladium Tantalum Zirconium
Copper Lead Platinum Technetium
Erbium Lutetium Rhenium Terbium

Argentite
Gadolinite
Xenotime
Ytterbium

Radioactive ores

Allanite Cerite Pyrochlore Torbernite
Autunite Davidite Samarskite Uraninite
Bastnasite Euxenite Schroeckingerite Uranium
Betafite Monazite Thorite Uranophane
Carnotite Polycrase Thorium

Ore

Caelestis Indomitus Tanelornpete